Monthly Archives: March 2016

How To Paraphrase An Essay

Information on how to paraphrase an essay including a list of tips.

An overview of how to paraphrase an essay

The essay paraphrasing process is often misunderstood. Many students consider rewriting a matter of correcting mistakes and changing the order of a few words or sentences. Paraphrasing and paraphrasing an essay is a crucial part of the writing process, and is creative in nature as much as a mechanical function. Ideas and concepts are refined, added or removed depending on what works best. When you paraphrase an essay, you should begin with the paper as a whole and work your way down. Paraphrasing can be broken down into the following stages:


  • Revising for substance – Taking a look at the “big picture” is how it is often put. This is the idea or concept of the essay.
  • Revising for structure – How the essay is presented such as the sequence of ideas and supporting arguments.
  • Revising for style – Basically ensuring the essay reads well and is easily understood.
  • Proofreading – Correcting mechanical errors such as mistakes in spelling and grammar.
  • Revision is done in this order as each stage can affect all of the following stages. Revising for structure and style can be done without affecting the substance, but if you change the very idea/thesis of an essay then structure and style changes will have to be made.

Paraphrasing essays for substance

Substance is essentially what your essay is about. A stance has been taken in the form of a thesis statement and an argument presented to support the thesis. Essay revisions involving substance are the ones most likely to involve big changes and major rewriting. When paraphrasing for substance you should ask yourself the following questions:

  • Is the thesis clearly stated so that the reader will know exactly your position?
  • Does the paper address the intended audience?
  • Is there specific evidence provided to support your thesis, and is there enough evidence?
  • Is the evidence analyzed and explained?
  • Are there gaps in your argument or unanswered questions?
  • Have you achieved the purpose you intended?

No matter how well written an essay is stylistically, if it fails to support the thesis then it has not achieved its purpose and has failed at the most basic level.

Paraphrasing essays for structure

Essay structure deals with how the information in the essay is presented. A commonly used method is to make one point supporting the thesis statement in each of the main body paragraphs. The first sentence serves as a topic sentence in support of the thesis statement, and the rest of the paragraph supports the topic sentence. Elements to look at when revising an essay for structure include:

  • A clear and logical pattern in the presentation of points or ideas. There should be a logical progression in your argument.
  • Check the introduction and make sure that it clearly states what the paper is about.
  • Make sure each paragraph has a strong and clear topic sentence, and that the rest of the paragraph supports the topic sentence.
  • Each topic sentence should relate to and support the thesis statement.
  • Check the transitions between paragraphs. They should be smooth and logical.
  • Examine the conclusion. It should be well reasoned, tie everything together and not be to abrupt or leave the reader hanging.

Paraphrasing essays for style

Substance and structure have to do with presenting your ideas and making your points in the best and most logical way. Once you have done that it is time to revise for style to make the essay more readable and easy to understand. Rewriting awkward sentences and making sure ideas are presented clearly and concisely is the general idea. Some of the things to consider are:

  • Is the language you used clear and concise? Avoid long rambling sentences and get rid of excess words that don’t serve a purpose.
  • Make sure you haven’t used the passive voice too much.
  • Check that you have used gender neutral language.
  • Look for repetitive language and consider other words and phrases.

Your target is to produce a paper that is easily read and understood without any awkward sentences or confusion as to what you intended to say.

Proofreading essays

Proofreading is the final stage of the revision process. It is the step where mechanical type errors are corrected. When proofreading things to check for include:

  • Spelling mistakes. Don’t depend on a spellchecker to catch everything.
  • Grammatical errors. As with spelling, don’t depend on software to find everything.
  • Punctuation mistakes
  • Correct documentation and bibliography

The importance of proofreading should not be overlooked. Take the time to do a thorough proofreading. Mechanical errors such as mistakes in spelling and punctuation are the easiest to correct. It would be a shame to have put hard work into every other part of the process, only to see that effort wasted because an essay wasn’t thoroughly proofread.

Helpful tips for essay revisions

For many students it is more difficult to paraphrase an essay than it is to write the first draft. The following tips on how to revise an essay may make the process easier:

  • Give yourself plenty of time. Underestimating the time needed is one of the most common problems students run into
  • Take a break in between writing the first draft and starting the revision. If possible its good to wait a day, but even an hour or so is better than nothing.
  • Be objective. Don’t get too attached to anything you have written
  • Read your essay out loud. It often highlights errors that might not have been as obvious otherwise.
  • Write down the thesis statement and the first sentence in each paragraph to form a paragraph. If the resulting paragraph makes sense then your essay likely has a pretty sound structure. If it is confusing or illogical there will need to be some changes made.

There is no exactly one right way to do essay paraphrase. Every paper will be different, with its own problem areas. Use the information provided here as a general guideline and with practice you will develop a style and system that works best for you.


Anaheim Dental Special Pricing

Teeth Cleaning

Teeth cleaning is a part of oral hygiene and involves the removal of dental plaque from teeth and inspecting the mouth for potential issues.



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Dental Implants

A rotten or broken tooth that needs to be extracted, you might need a dental implant, the standard procedure in such cases.

Payment / Financing

We accept all major PPO insurance policies. In addition, we accept most major credit cards, cash and CareCredit Financing.


A New Plugin Entitled inMotion3D Shatter Was Released Today from Pixel Film Studios Exclusively for Motion 5

Motion 5 developers have announced a new animated effect entitled inMotion3D Shatter from Pixel Film Studios.

“inMotion3D Shatter is an exciting logo reveal tool for Motion 5,” said Christina Austin, CEO of Pixel Film Studios. “inMotion3D Shatter blurs the line between professional and amateur making this plugin a definite game changer.”

Smash and shatter footage or still pictures as 3D fragments explode to reveal the next image from Pixel Film Studios. With the 3D camera and lights in Motion 5, users can take their shatter effect to the next level. Spin, pivot or pan around the media as it shatters into hundreds of tiny pieces.

Control the shatter of any footage inside Motion 5 and watch as 3D fragments and shards fly by the camera. inMotion3D Shatter’s animation is automatic and customizable, so users simply have to drag, drop a generator into the timeline, apply their media to the Drop Zone, and watch as it shatters.

Use the controls in the inspector window to fully customize the Motion shatter template. Users can change the number, weight, gravity, thickness and impact of the shatter effect to create endless cool looks.


Users can add photos, videos or color solids to their shatter effect. Simply drag the media into the timeline and then apply it to the generator. Once the media is inside the generator, users can uncheck the visibility box of the original media layer.

Designed for Motion 5, users can simply drag and drop the generator into the timeline, and then adjust the look. With the 3D camera and light sources available in Motion 5, users can create more looks than ever.

Established in 2006, Aliso Viejo, California-based Pixel Film Studios is an innovative developer of visual effects tools for the post-production and broadcast community. Their products are integrated with popular non-linear editing and compositing products from Apple FCPX. All Apple, the Apple logo, Mac OS X, and Macintosh are registered trademarks of Apple Inc. in the U.S. and/or other countries. All other trademarks and trade names are the property of their respective owners.


6 New Lighting Effects for Final Cut Pro X from Brooklyn Effects

[] Brooklyn, New York – Brooklyn Effects, a New York-based special effects company, has announced the release of 6 new lighting plug-ins for the popular Final Cut Pro X(TM) non-linear editing software. These effects include: lens flares, light leaks, volumetric lighting, shutter streaks, anamorphic streaks and stage lights.

“Sometimes it can be difficult or expensive to capture the lighting you want in camera,” Said Jean Moore, CEO of Brooklyn Effects, “We designed our lighting plug-ins for Final Cut Pro X to help editors create distinct lighting styles that would have been much harder to do during the production phase.”

Create a stunning, custom lens flare for any scene in Final Cut Pro X with the Skyline Lights plugin by Brooklyn Effects(TM). Users can drag and drop the lens flare layer above their footage and use the control point to match the position and angle of the light source in the scene.


Nothing captivates like the lights of NYC. Brooklyn Effects(TM) has created a plug in for Final Cut Pro X providing flashes and light leaks adding liveliness to all footage. Not only is there the light selections, but transitions for FCPX to smoothly change from one clip to another.

From the center of the world to your editing station, editors can create brilliant beams of light in their scene with the Times Lights plugin from Brooklyn Effects(TM). Users can drag and drop the filter onto their footage in FCPX. Then, use the control points to customize the source and direction of the beams.

FCPX editors can create contemporary-looking flashback scenes that don’t rely on aged footage. The Flashback Effect gives film the shutter streaks, color, and glow of flashbacks found in many recent science fiction and action movies.

From action flicks to Sci-Fi films, users can add anamorphic light refractions to their film with the Light Streak Filter from Brooklyn Effects. This filter was designed to allow users to emit add streaking rays of light from the bright areas in their scene, eliminating the need for composite footage.

Finally, editors can set the stage for your film in Final Cut Pro X using the 3D lighting tools from Brooklyn Effects. This collection comes with spot lights, point lights and lens flares that can be positioned and angled using on-screen control points.

System Requirements:
* Mac OS X Version 10.10 Mavericks or higher
* Mac Computer with a minimum of a Core 2 Duo processor, 2GB RAM, and 256MB VRAM
* Final Cut Pro X version 10.1.3 or newer
* 50 MB

Pricing and Availability:
All of these FCPX lighting effects are available now in the on-line store for $19.95. Brooklyn Effects say they have more useful tools and effects for Final Cut Pro X arriving shortly.

Brooklyn Effects
Times Lights
Flashback Effect
Lighting Tools
Skyline Lights

Brooklyn Effects(TM) is a special effects developer for Final Cut Pro X plugins out of Brooklyn, New York. Specializing in post-production tools and Apple Final Cut Pro X add-ons. All Material and Software (C) Copyright 2015 Brooklyn Effects. All Apple, the Apple logo, and Macintosh are registered trademarks of Apple Inc. in the U.S. and/or other countries. All other trademarks and trade names are the property of their respective owners.


Jean Moore

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Announcing New Tutorials from Pixel Film Studios, ProStrobe Lesson for FCPX

Here is another great tutorial, it teaches FCPX users to use ProStrobe to create film reel effects,” said Christina Austin CEO of Pixel Film Studios.

Prostrobe creates a look almost forgotten by many. Users now have full customization with the option of type, numbers, shapes, or even their own images with drop zones. Users simply layer these title effects on top of their footage and with a few custom adjustments the effect does the rest. With Prostrobe footage will never look the same again all with in FCPX.

With Prostrobe the user can choose from either number countdowns, objects, text, or even their own image with drop zones. Users can adjust the film movement, motion blur, rotation, speed, scale randomness, position, random position, and more all with in Final Cut Pro X. With so many options and customizations users will be able to create that old film leader effect with a click of a mouse.

With Prostrobe users have the ability to change the blend mode and color of the object projected with each effect, by having this option the possibilities are truly endless. This gives the user the ability to have a different look every time if they choose to do so all with in Final Cut Pro X with a click of a mouse.


Prostrobe was professionally designed to work seamlessly inside of Final Cut Pro X. As a FCPX title, the Prostrobe presets can be dragged and dropped onto your footage. With easy-to-use controls that can be found in the FCPX inspector, the user can calibrate their settings in just a few clicks of a mouse.

Established in 2006, Aliso Viejo, California-based Pixel Film Studios is an innovative developer of visual effects tools for the post-production and broadcast community. Their products are integrated with popular non-linear editing and compositing products from Apple FCPX. All Apple, the Apple logo, and Macintosh are registered trademarks of Apple Inc. in the U.S. and/or other countries. All other trademarks and trade names are the property of their respective owners.

Keep Your Sight Sharp at Every Age

Just like the rest of our bodies, our eyes have different needs as we age. That’s why it’s important to know which vision changes are a normal part of aging, and when something more serious may need the attention of an eye doctor. Find out what to expect of your eyes in every era, discover proactive steps to preserve your healthy eye sight, and learn which corrective measures will help you see clearly and function best, no matter what your age!


Generally speaking, adults in their 20s and 30s have healthy eyes and can effectively treat vision problems with corrective eyeglasses, contact lenses, or refractive surgery (if the vision is stable). Remember,  it’s never too early to start preserving your eye health! During this stage of life, prevention is key.


  • Be sure to protect your healthy eyes from harmful everyday elements, like cigarette smoke and UV rays, which can increase your risk of age-related macular degeneration down the road.
  • Be aware of occupational hazards, like long hours in front of computer monitors, which can lead to eyestrain and computer vision syndrome
  • Schedule an annual eye exam to keep your prescriptions up-to-date and avoid any long-term damage.


while preventative measures are vital to maintaining healthy eyes; vision changes are a natural part of the aging process. Presbyopia, a decline in your ability to focus due to the hardening of the lenses in your eyes, may become more noticeable in your 40s, making it more difficult to see while reading or doing close work.


  • In its earliest stages, merely adjusting the distance between your eyes and your reading material may help compensate for the effects of presbyopia.
  • When adjusting your viewing range is no longer an option, corrective lenses, such as reading glasses or multifocal contact lenses, will be your best options to help you see more clearly.


as we age, the risk of acquiring a number of age-related eye diseases—such as glaucoma, cataracts, and macular degeneration — will increase.


  • Monitor your vision and see your eye doctor if you notice any major vision changes.
  • Have your eyes checked after other major health changes, such as a hypertension or diabetes diagnosis.
  • While there is no cure for macular degeneration, healthy habits like taking multivitamins and eating foods rich in lutein and antioxidants can help slow the process down.

60s and beyond


while cataracts are technically classified as an age-related eye disease, the condition is so common among older individuals, that they’re considered a normal part of the aging process. This impairment of the lens is caused by tiny clumps of protein molecules, which block light and dim your vision.


  • If cataracts start to impair your everyday activities, cataract surgery, in which your natural lens is replaced with an artificial lens, is a safe and effective way to restore your vision.
  • Visit your optometrist at least once a year for a comprehensive eye exam and to screen for common age-related eye diseases.

No matter what your age, always monitor your vision changes, make healthy lifestyle and dietary choices, and see your eye doctor for yearly eye exams to keep your eyes healthy for years to come!


FCPX Effects Developer Pixel Film Studios Releases Pro3rd Essentials

Pro3rd Essentials is a basic set of 30 self-animating lower thirds made to be simple and to the point. Pro3rd presets are completely customizable and are made exclusively for Final Cut Pro X. Using the text and style controls located in the inspector window, users can easily adjust text, colors, and various design elements. Choose from simple styles and basic lower thirds. Pro3rd Essentials is a Final Cut Pro X exclusive plugin.

Accentuate any production with lower third presets from Pro3rd Essentials. Pick from basic thirds with customizable style controls to create a simple display. Each preset is self-animating and is simply easy to use. Just drag, drop, and stylize. Pro3rd Essentials will do the rest.

Each preset is different from the last. On screen controls make it easy to control rotation, scale, and position of the various elements in the presets. Using the parameters found in the inspector window, easily lengthen Pro3rd presets and stylize title elements with sliders and color wheels respectively.


Using Pro3rd Essentials is as easy as can be with the ability to drag and drop. Scroll over any of the Pro3rd presets to preview the animations in the Final Cut Pro X viewer window. Then, simply select a preset and drag it over the selected media in the FCPX timeline. On screen controls make it so easy to place and stylize the text.

Pro3rd Essentials is fully customizable in Final Cut Pro X. The adjustable settings can be found in the form of color wheels, sliders, and more in the top-right inspector window. This makes it easy to manipulate and customize the look, feel, and length of any of the presets.

Established in 2006, Aliso Viejo, California-based Pixel Film Studios is an innovative developer of visual effects tools for the post-production and broadcast community. Their products are integrated with popular non-linear editing and compositing products from Apple FCPX. Apple, the Apple logo, Mac OS X, and Macintosh are registered trademarks of Apple Inc. in the U.S. and/or other countries. All other trademarks and trade names are the property of their respective owners.